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Study & Research Skills

A guide to smart study and research skills

Use the CRAAP test to evaluate any source you find while researching.  This is especially important if you are going to use information from your sources for assignments.

When was the information produced or posted?

  • Do you need current sources or older sources, or both?
  • When was the information last updated?
  • If there are links, how current are they?

Does it relate to my topic and what I need?

  • Who is the intended audience?
  • Does it provide evidence or support my ideas?
  • Will it lead to other information?

Who has provided this information source?

  • Who is the author, publisher, source or sponsor of the information?
  • What is the reason for publishing this information?
  • For websites, does the domain of the URL tell you anything about the author or source (.gov, .edu, .com, .org)?

Is the information true and accurate?

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Are there spelling, grammar or any kind of errors?

Why does the information exist?

  • Is the information factual or opinion?
  • Is the information to inform, teach, entertain, sell or persuade?
  • Is the website sponsored or influenced by advertising revenue?