Source: The Express
After the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, war broke out across Europe and the world. But this did not all happen at once. Read through the resources below to learn more about the outbreak of World War I and the series of events that led to the world's first truly global war.
A diplomatic crisis among major European powers in 1914 led to the First World War. What happened when? The July Crisis of 1914 describes the chain reaction of events that led to the outbreak of war in Europe. The timeline in this link lays out each event, with links to some individual articles where you can read in more detail.
The assassination of the Archduke marked the beginning of a period between June 29 and August 1, which has been called the "July Crisis." Read through this article to learn more about this period and how it led to the outbreak of war.
The so-called "July Crisis" actually spans the period from the assassination of the Austro-Hungarian heir to the throne, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, on 28 June 1914, to the general declaration of war in early August. Read through this website to learn more. Information is organised under sub-headings to make for easier reading.
The July Crisis of 1914 unfolded as a series of events following the assassination of Franz Ferdinand. These events would lead to the mobilisation of armies and the outbreak of war. Read through this article to learn more.
Prior to World War I, The Schlieffen Plan established that, in case of the outbreak of war, Germany would attack France first and then Russia.Instead of a ‘head-on’ engagement, which would lead to position warfare of inestimable length, the opponent should be enveloped and its armies attacked on the flanks and rear. Moving through Switzerland’s mountainous terrain would have been impractical, whereas in the North, Luxembourg had no army at all, and the weak Belgian army was expected to retreat to its fortifications. But the execution of the Schlieffen Plan ultimately led to World War I becoming a global war. Read through this article to learn more.
The French-Russian alliance had raised the prospect that Germany might face a war on two fronts. In response, Kaiser Wilhelm II ordered Alfred Graf von Schlieffen, Chief of the German General Staff, to develop a plan to successfully fight both France and Russia. The strategy Schlieffen developed would have a profound effect on both the scope and the conduct of the war. Read through this article to learn more about the plan.
Germany’s war plan, the Schlieffen Plan, called for it to quickly defeat France and then shift east to fight Russia. Its armies were to sweep down through Belgium and northern France toward Paris, like a giant swinging door. On August 4, Germany invaded Belgium, violating its neutrality. The British upheld their commitment to defend Belgium, and declared war on Germany. Read through this website to learn more.
When war looked likely in 1914, the Germans decided to put the Schlieffen Plan into effect, declaring war on France and attacking with multiple armies in the west, leaving one in the east. This plan was a huge failure for the Germans and resulted in turning World War I into a global war by bringing Great Britain into the fray. Read through this article to learn more about the plan and why it failed.
How did World War One break out? In this article, Professor David Stevenson closely examines the three stages that led to war being declared between Austria-Hungary, Serbia, Germany, Russia, France, and Britain.
The Battle of Liege signified the first land battle of the war, as the German Second Army crossed the frontier into neutral Belgium (since 1839) so as to attack France from the north. The Schlieffen Plan had started. Read through this article to learn more about this opening battle of World War I.
On the Western Front, the first clashes in August and September 1914, known as the Battle of the Frontiers, resulted in breathtaking casualties: By early September, the French Army had suffered roughly 330,000 casualties, including around 80,000 dead, while the much smaller British Expeditionary Force sustained around 30,000 casualties, nearly half its total strength. German casualties were almost as high, topping 300,000 by the end of the first week of September (including the First Battle of the Marne). Read through this article to learn more about the bloody outbreak of war in Europe.