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Civics & Citizenship: Federation

Opening of the first parliament.jpg

Source: Tom Roberts

Australia became a nation on 1 January 1901, when the British Parliament passed legislation enabling the six Australian colonies to collectively govern in their own right as the Commonwealth of Australia. It was a remarkable political accomplishment that had taken many years and several referenda to achieve. Read through the resources below to learn more about the journey to Federation and what it meant for Australia.